Georgia Pioneers

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Shot, Hanged and Frozen: The Struggles of an American Pioneer

Battle of Long Canes, South Carolina The father of Samuel Whatley was killed by Indians at Cherokee Corner on the Clarke-Oglethorpe Counties Line when he was fourteen years old. Samuel Whatley served in Georgia under Capt. Micajah William of the Mounted Militia in the Regiment of Colonel Clarke and fought in the battle of Long Cane on December 10, 1781. It was during the siege of Augusta when he was shot in the left arm, for which he loss the use thereof. He was betrothed to Catharine Anglin before he left on his South Carolina Campaign and returned home with his wounds to be married before old Squire Biddle in Wilkes County. Whatley was known to be a loyal Whig and before he reached majority was twice frozen, once hung and twice shot while in the defense of liberty. In 1786 he was retired from service due to injuries sustained during the Revolutionary War. His wife, Catharine Whatley, wrote a letter to Senator R. W. Habersham of Georgia stating that at the time of the Revolutionary War her father, James Anglin, had removed from North Carolina to Georgia settling near Washington, Georgia. He brought with him seven sons and Catharine, a quot;motherless" daughter about thirteen years of age. After the death of her husband, Catharine went to live on the plantation of her son, James Whatley. The affidavit of Henry Anglin Sr., attached to the application of Samuel Whatley for a pension, stated that Whatley was wounded at Long Canes, South Carolina and taken prisoner four to five months and that when he returned home the soldier had wounds all over his body. The Battle of Long Canes was fought in McCormick County on December 12, 1780 when a force of four hundred to five hundred men defeated Colonel Elijah Clarke and 100 Americans. The Revolutionary War Pension usually provides information as to where soldier was born, resided and died as well as personal details. Study the pension, dates of service and battles helps the genealogist to know where the soldier was during different time periods and where to search the State and County records. Most soldiers traveled extensively during the war, and did not always return to the place or birth, but moved into other States to accept land grants for the service.

Fitzpatrick Hotel
The Fitzpatrick Hotel

Genealogy History

blog Jeannette Holland Austin
Jeannette Holland Austin Profile

Traced Genealogies:
Wilkes County Families

Allison Anthony Aycock Banks
Billingslea Bird Bond Butler
Callaway Catchings Chaffin Coats
Cole Collier Cowan Crutchfield
Darracott Early Edge Fullilove
Gordon Grant Gunnells Hammack
Harper Hillhouse Holliday Jackson
Leverett Luckett Malone Mercer
Miller Mills Milner Morgan
McClendon McRee Phillips Richardson
Russell Semmes Springer Summerall
Tatom Toombs Walton Welborne
Williamson Wingfield Wootton Zimmerman

Newspaper Editors Included Information About Confederate Soldiers

L. R. Miller, one of the Confederate soldiers of Sandersville, won 21 battles. He was wounded twice, one through the body and one in the right foot. Source: The Washington Gazette. July 27, 1887.

1,000 Watermelons Make a Car Load

watermelons According to a Georgia newspaper, it takes 1,000 medium-sized watermelons to make a full car load. Meaning truck load?

First Woman Editor in Georgia

ink quill Reverend James Hillhouse was descended from Abraham Hillhouse of Free Hall, County Derry in Ireland. One of the sons of Abraham emigrated to England in 1719 or 1720 and removed to Norwich, Connecticut. James served as a Representative of the U. S. Treasury and David Hillhouse was the owner and editor of an early Georgia newspaper and helped to lay out the town of Macon when he was an Army Major. His daughter, Sarah, married Felix Gilbert and she was the first woman editor of Georgia who printed in her shop the Early Laws of Georgia by Order of the Legislature.

Ole Dan Tucker

Some people believe that the old folk song "Ole Dan Ducker" sung by minstrels, was a tale after the adventures of Daniel Tucker of Virginia who came to Wilkes County at an early date. His brother, George Tucker, also removed to Wilkes County, before finally settling in Alabama. They were both Revolutionary War Soldiers.

8 Genealogy Websites

Map of Wilkes County, Georgia

Wilkes County Court House

Wilkes County

Wilkes County Wills, Estates, Newspapers, Marriages, Maps

Robert Toombs Museum

Wilkes County was created in 1777 from ceded lands of Cherokee and Creek Indians. People who resided in Wilkes County are also found in Warren and Oglethorpe Counties. Between 1790 and 1854, the legislature took land from Wilkes County to form Elbert County (1790), Oglethorpe County (1793), and Lincoln County (1796), and to help form Warren County (1793) and Taliaferro County (1825). The county seat is Washington, Georgia. Lincoln County should always be researched along with Wilkes. Many of the first settlers came from Virginia and North Carolina to take up the ceded lands (from the Indians) during the late 1700's. Early Settlers: John Heard, William Rasberry, James Gray, David Montgomery, John Marks, Bernard Zimmerman, George Bailey, William Mathis, Solomon Ellis and others.

Wilkes County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Indexes to Probate Records

  • General Index to Wilkes County Estates, A-G.
  • General Index to Wilkes County Estates, H-L.
  • General Index to Wilkes County Estates, M-Q.
  • General Index to Wilkes County Estates, R-Z.
  • Index to Wilkes County Will Book C, 1786-1806

Digital Images of Wilkes County Wills, Bk C, 1786-1806

Testators: Bailey, George; Bowen, John; Cochran, Samuel; Cochran, Samuel (2); Daniel, William; Ellis, Solomon; Evans, Susannah; Gibson, Walter; Gooden, William; Gray, James; Heard, John; Lunceford, William; Marks, John; Mathis, William; Montgomery, David; Rasberry, William; Rice, Nathaniel G.; Smith, John; Tatum, Peter; Thomas, Philip; Zimmerman, Bernard.


  • Wilkes County Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886.


  • Map of Wilkes County, 1955.
  • Map of Original Wilkes County.
  • Map of Wilkes County Settlers.


  • Origins of Early Settlers to Wilkes County
  • Members of Sardis Church Members in 1805.

Images of Miscellaneous Wills & Estates

  • Anthony, Joseph, Estate (1815) of.
  • Arnold, Moses, Estate (1810) of.
  • Favor, Henry, guardianship of.
  • Favor, John, Sr., Estate (1833) (Image).
  • Favor, John, Estate (1850) (Image).
  • Favor, John, Inventory (1818).
  • Favor, John, Estate (1818) (Image).
  • Favor, Matthew, Bond for Estate of John Favor Sr., 1829 (Image).
  • Favor, Sanders, Guardians of (1819).
  • Keith, George W., Annual Return for the minor children of William A. Keith, deceased, 1850 (Image).
  • Marks, John, estate (image) (1800).
  • McLane, John, LWT, Bk 1792-1801, pp. 115-117.
  • McLane, Mariney, LWT, Bk 1792-1801, pp. 240.

Images of (select issues) Newspapers

  • The Washington Gazette
  • The Southern Courant

Tax Digests

  • 1789 Tax Defaulters


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    Georgia Wills