Georgia Pioneers

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Pioneers and Peanuts


The risks of venturing across untamed territories could be daunting. Especially, if it was in South Georgia among the Creeks. The division of Irwin County was the result of Treaties made with local Indians, but before those lands were opened for settlement, white people were not welcome. Yet, there were trading posts around Augusta and middle Georgia near Fort Hawkins and the Indian Agency. The territories of Appling, Irwin, and Early counties were ceded in 1814 and 1818. Irwin was created by an Act of the Legislature in 1818 and later on the five adjacent counties were taken from Irwin. It was offered in the land lottery in units of 490 acres. During 1820 each lot was priced at $18, but by 1831 the price had been reduced to $5 per lot. Its sandy, loamy soil produces peanut crops for which it is known today. In other words, peanuts are no small item in Ocilla.

Genealogy History

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Map of Irwin County

Documenting Existence

It is noteworthy hile trasping through old graveyards that while there are broken and unreadable tomstones, many graves went unmarked.Perhaps you noticed some indentions in the soil which appeared to be graves of children? A great deal of work is required to ascertain who the missing children were of a particular family. From one census 10-year span to the next, all small children should reappear. Yet, they do not. We are aware of these children, but do not know happened to them? Are there common dates in families or in the cemetery which suggest measlesor typhoid fever? The cemetery tells its own story, if one examines it closely by viewing all of the tombstones. In past eras when the keeping of the family bible was important, a family register was maintained. Such bibles (if you can find one) fill in the blanks left out by cemeteries. Perhaps someone posted an obituary an old newspapers, however, such a notice could appear in a regional newspaper, or even one in another State where the person had relatives. There is one thing for certain. The search requiresmany long hours of tedium. How many people, do you suppose, were lost to history?

Find your Ancestors before 1790

Irwin County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages

Irwin County

Irwin County was on Dec. 15, 1818 from Creek lands acquired in 1814 by the Treaty of Fort Jackson. Therefore, genealogists should acquire a little history and determine the trail. Generally, the places to search are Irwin, Early and Appling. The 1821 Land Lottery attracted settlers to draw 490 acres.

Probate Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers


  • Will Book No. 1, 1821-1864
  • Annual Returns, Appraisements, Sales, Minutes, 1822-1855
  • Annual Returns, Appraisements, Sales, Minutes, 1863-1875


  • Marriages 1827 to 1872
  • Irwin County Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886.

Images of Wills Book 1, 1821-1864

Testators: Branch, David;Brown, Phillip;Dormany, John; Gideon, Katherine;James, Charles;Marsh, Reibin;Millen, George; Ross, William D; Tomberlin, John;Willcox, George;Young, Isaac M.


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Georgia Wills