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All About New Echota

Council House Before New Echota was settled the seat of the Cherokee tribe was located at Ustanali on the Coosawattee River which was estalished ca 1777 by refugees from the Cherokee Lower Towns in northwestern South Carolina after the murder of Old Tassel and other chiefs while on an embassy to the State of Franklin. Little Turkey was elected chief of the Cherokee and the seat of the Cherokee council was removed from Chota to Ustanali. New Echota (named after Choata) was the capital of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 to their forced removal in the 1830s. Today, the site is a State Park and Historic Site which is located North of Calhoun and South of Resaca, Georgia. It is situated at the confluence of the Coosawattee and Conasauga River, a tributary of the Coosa River. The tribal council also began a building program that included construction of a two-story Council House, a Supreme Court, and later the office (printer shop) of the first Indian language and Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix. The editor and printer, Elias Boudinot wrote the newspaper in the Cherokee language. The Cherokee Phoenix. Issues of this newspaper are available at most regional libraries in Georgia on microfilm. After the Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1832, Georgia included Cherokee territory in its Sixth Land Lottery, allocating Cherokee land to white settlers. The Cherokee Nation had never ceded the land to the state. Over the next six years, the Georgia Guard operated against the Cherokee, evicting them from their properties. By 1834, New Echota was becoming a ghost town. Council meetings were moved to Red Clay, Cherokee Nation (now Tennessee). The United States urged the Cherokee to remove to Indian Territory, in exchange for their lands in Georgia. It has been my experience in researching Cherokee heritages that all Cherokees were not removed from North Georgia. The applications of Indian descendants in Georgia to the Dawes Commission (to be awarded free Oklahoma land) reflect some interesting details. Although only a small portion of these applicants succeeded in proving as much as 1/32nd blood descent, those who did succeed traced themselves to one or more of the Indian Rolls. This is the key. Tribes kept Rolls, beginning about 1818, with the names of natives. The Cherokee Census and other records assist the genealogists. A list of the records available on Georgia Pioneers are listed here

Map of Gordon County, Georgia

Genealogy History

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Finding the Way Home

broken tombstones Somewhere there is a road to the old home place. It may be covered over with dirt or cement, but it exists. The past is not completely hidden. We learn that in archaeological digs. As erosion, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, storms, lava and fire help sweep away former times, we forget. As communities and villages disappear into towns and cities, the world turns. Somehow we think that we are the substance of all civilization. Yet the surface has not been touched so far as discovery is concerned. There still remains the written records which genealogists crave to help explain and complete their own history. Despite the loss of important documents, clues remain. At this moment, genealogists are beginning to share their information over the internet. A recent discovery of my own was that someone had shared a photograph of my great-grandfather over the internet. For years, I searched for this soldier who died during the Civil War. Seems that he was a surgeon who served in an Alabama regiment. Imagine the joy which I experienced in seeing this photograph! Did you realize that people hid important documents behind wooden walls, under floorboards and in wells? An afternoon in the woods near the the old home place might turn up broken tombtones buried in pine needles, or tincans buried in the dirt containing items of interest.

Find your Ancestors before 1790



Gordon County

Gordon County

Gordon County


Gordon County Genealogy, Wills, Estates


Gordon County

Gordon County was created on Feb. 13, 1850 and was formed formed from portions of Cass (later renamed Bartow) and Floyd counties. All lands that would become Gordon County were originally occupied by the Cherokee Indians. Early Settlers: John Armstrong, John Atchison, John Baugh, W. N. Blalock, William J. Campbell, R. A. Donaldson, John Dobbins, T. M. Ellis, H. T. Ferguson, Frank Ford, Mountain Greason, Samuel Hurt, W. S. Johnson, W. B. Jackson, John King, B. R. Mayes, R. L. Norrell, Wiley Roberts, M. G. Scott, John Sloan, John Taylor, and W. T. Wofford.

Gordon County Genealogy Resources Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Online Images of Wills 1856 to 1894

Testators: Abbott, Elizabeth;Adcox, Wilson;Akin, homas;Armstrong, John H.; Atherton, Ann;Atkinson, John; Bagwell, Mary;Bailey, Amelia;Ballew, Joshua;Barrett, D. B.; Baxter, Benjamin;Bennett, A. L. ;Black, Zachariah;Blalock, W. H.; Bolding, Benjamin; Borders, Andrew;Borders, Randolph;Boston, G. W.;Bowen, Israel;Bradley, John; Burnett, Agness Terrell;Buckner, J. B.; Burch, William W.;Butler, Absalom;Byram, H. C.;Callaghan, Cornelius;Campbell, Joseph;Campfield, Rebecca;Campfield, Sarah;Campbell, W. J.;Cantrell, James A.;Chastain, John ;Daniel, Tilman;Darnell. A. J.; Dillard, William;Dobbins, John;Durham, Lavina;Dye, Margarett E.;Ferguson, John; Fite, Nancy;Fricks, Michael;Gaines, Elizabeth;Ganaway, Thomas;Garlington, Eliza; Gold, Sterling;Grant, Sarah;Grant, Tams;Gravitt, John;Greason, Mountain;Hall, Thomas;Haynes, John ; Hays, Sarah;Henson, Presley;Hood, R. D., Mrs.;Houk, H. B.;Hunt, Ann J.;Hunt, Samuel;Jackson, Edmund Calaway;Jarrett, William;Jennings, James;Johnson, James; King, William;Kinman, Wesley;Mayfield, Alexander;Miller, Ann;Miller, Jesse;Monroe, Joseph;Moss, James;Moss, Nicholas;Murphree, Modama;Nelson, Thomas S.;Niggins, Margaret;Noblet, John;Phillips, James;Pike, I. M.;Printup, Joseph J.;Putnam, Elias; Reeves, James;Rich, William;Robbins, Jeremiah;Roe, S. H.;Scott, Thomas D.;Scott, William;Sexton, Morgan;Sloan, John;Stagg, James;Strickland, Ephraim;Strickland, Sally; Swain, Jesse;Tabe, Abraham;Taylor, John;Thomas, Elizabeth;Thompson, Matthew;Tweedell, N. E. ;Veal, John;Walker, C. L.;Walker, Wells;Walker, William;Watts, Mary;Wilson, Elizabeth;Wilson, Joseph

Indexes to Probate Records

  • Estates and Wills, Bk A, 1856-1894.
  • Estates and Wills, Bk B, 1894-1931
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Georgia Wills