Georgia Pioneers


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Cherokee Descendants

trail of tears Have you ever been told that you descend from a Cherokee princess? This is a common tale which swings around the genealogy world with great driving force. However, a search of various Indian Rolls is much more instructive. If the name of an ancestor does not appear on one of those Rolls, forget it! Furthermore, the Dawes Rolls of 1903 collected over 32,000 applications of those who thought that they were at least 1/32nd Indian descent. This is because the land in the State of Oklahoma was being deeded to descendants of those Natives who were at least 1/32nd kin. The reading of those applicants mostly clarifies one truth: and that is, that very few of the applicants in 1903 proved kinship.

Looking for Cherokee Marriages?

Except for some occasional marriages of Indian Traders to Cherokee women in Georgia and South Carolina (Augusta and Edgefield), there were very few marriages given to Natives. Indian Traders frequently resided with the Indians, and any effort to record such a marriage at the court house would be unwelcome.

The Battle of Long Swamp was the Last Battle of the Revolutionary War

Major Elijah Clarke After the Treaty of Paris was signed which officially ended the Revolutionary War , there was a battle with a bunch of Indians in Nelson, Georgia. The British managed to garner various tribes of Indians throughout the eastern colonies to help fight their battles. In Pickens, a band of Tories who had settled there in 1776 along with their Cherokee wives systematically committed atrocities along the Georgia frontier. This band of whites and Cherokees were mounted raiders and generally killed all men, women and children when attacking a farmstead. By 1780, all of Georgia and most of South Carolina had fallen into the hands of the British. Yet, Elijah Clarke and thirty men passed through the Native American lands to continue the fight in the Carolinas. Actually, they were frontier guerrillas who spasmatically attacked the British at Musgroves Mill, Cedar Springs, Woffords Iron Works, Augusta, Fishdam Ford, Long Cane, Blackstocks. His campaigns were partically responsible for the success of the patriots at the Battle of Kings Mountain and Cowpens. The news that the war had ended did not reach Georgia in time to prevent Colonel Andrew Pickens and Major Elijah Clarke from leading small army of Georgia and Carolina Mounted Rifles plus a company of Creek Indian Mounted Rifles on a raid into the North Georgia Mountains. All of the Patriots were dressed in the uniform of the Creek Mounted Rifles. The first two villages which the army of General Pickens visited, did not contain any whites. The third one did. After the first attack the Cherokees and whites surrendered but in the process allowed the Tories to escape. As a peace offering, the Cherokee chief offered Pickens a Treaty written in English, which gave the Americans the Creek-owned lands in northeast Georgia. After that, the Mounted Rifles discovered the place where the Tory guerillas were hiding and attacked. At the end of the skirmish, all of the Tories who had not been killed in battle were hung on the spot including the wounded. All during the service of Major Clarke he had received wounds, as well as catching the smallpox and the mumps which were running rampart in the ranks. Nevertheless, he survived. After the war, for his devoted service throughout, Clarke was given a plantation and several thousands of acres in land grants.

Genealogy History

blog Jeannette Holland Austin
Jeannette Holland Austin Profile

Answers to our Genealogy Lie in the Wait

Immigrants boarding ships As genealogists, we quickly gather names, dates and places. But do we really understand the personal struggles of our ancestors during their presence upon the earth? For one, past generations were swamped with problems of immigration and the voyage to America. They all came for various reasons. Learning these reasons is an excellent beginning for the genealogist as it provides some interesting clues. Do we not ever-watch and observe our contemporaries to learn their route to wealth and happiness? How much more rewarding is it, then, when we learn of the history and struggles of our very own families? Sometimes we are overwhelmed. Yet never should we forget that our ancestors walked the long rutted road before us. The knowledge of how so great a task of immigrating and fighting in the War for Independence was accomplished is invaluable. It opens up a vast arena of history never before published, and unfolds like an ornate fan as new names are added.

The Revolutionary War Soldier in your Family

Remember the Day?

Remember...
  • When no one locked their doors?
  • We sat on the front porch counting different makes of cars? In those days models like the Cadillac coupe de ville were more glamorous.
  • Everyone had a front porch and we were invited to sip lemonade and chit chat?
  • When we acquainted ourselves with neighbors by walking the streets?
  • Saturday morning cartoons and newsreels?
  • Driveways were too narrow for anything but the Model-Ts?
  • Streets were made of cobblestone and bricks?
  • Trolleys and street car lines were draped across overhead power lines?
  • We dressed in front of coal furnaces?
  • Winter sleeping meant a stack of quilts?
  • It was too hot to sleep in summers?
  • You punched a button to turn on a single overhead light bulb?
  • Turning out lights after leaving a room to conserve electricity?
  • Going down in the basement and hauling coal upstairs in a skuttle?
  • The ice trucks which delivered a chunk of ice to the old icebox?
  • When dry cleaners delivered your pressed laundry in a van?
  • When you collected coat hangers from the neighbors and sold them for a penny each to local dry cleaners?
  • The school halloween carnival on the play ground?
  • When the whole neighborhood passed out candy on halloween.
  • When medicine bottles went unsealed and were easily opened.
  • Swimming in a pond of tadpoles and lilypads?
  • Hitching a ride on a train.

Cherokee County Wills, Estates, Divorces, Legal Advertising

Mill Sixes Cherokee County was created from the 1832 Georgia Land Lottery and drew residents from all over the State, especially the North Georgia Counties. Many families passed through this county to go on to settle in Cobb and Paulding Counties. Earliest settlers were: James Anderson, Edmund Bagby, Daniel M. Bird, William H. Bell, Samuel Cook, John Cox, Alfred Coulter, John Corbin, Samuel Cobb, William Carmichael, William Dinsmore, John Delaney, John Donald, William Ellison, John Epperson, James Fielder, James Flower, Andrew Green, John Garrison, Littleberry Holcombe, A. S. Hansell, Thomas Hutcherson, Thomas S. Johnson, Wilkinson Jamison, William Kinsey, Alfred Law, Ambrose Manning, John McCoy, Newton Perkins, Richard Ragsdale, Charles Scott, Robert Trout, Elijah Underwood and Nicholas Waddell.

Probate Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Indexes to Probate Records

  • Will Book B 1848 to 1866.
  • Will Book C 1866 to 1921.
  • Inventories, Appraisers, Vouchers, Sales, Annual Returns, 1848 to 1852.
  • Legal Advertising 1868 to 1873.

Miscellaneous

  • Green, Jesse (Last Will and Testament Image) (1873).
  • Cherokee County Divorces from newspapers 1885-1886.
  • Soldiers in Mexican War.

Online Images of Wills, Administrator's Bonds, Guardianships

Testators: Adams, Israel;Alfred orphans;Anderson, Eli;Bagley, Thomas;Bagley orphans; Barrons, James;Bates, Stephen;Beasly, Henry;Bell, William; Boring orphans; Bozeman, William; Brewster guardianship; Brooke, John ; Burton, Edward; Callahon, William; Cantrell orphans; Cockburn, William; Cook, Elizabeth; Cook, Jeremiah; Cook, John; Corbin, John; Cox, John; Drummond orphans; Drummond, Matthew; Fitzsimmons guardianship; Foster, Philemon; Fowler orphans; Gath, Jabez; Gipson orphans; Green, Jesse (1873); Griffin orphans; Hammond, William; Holland, Archibald; Honea, William; Hughs orphans; Hunt, Thomas; Hunt, Timothy; Johnson orphans; Johnston orphans; Jones, Marilda; Keith, Jasper; Latham, John; Lathrum, Mary; Loveless, Barton; Manning, Benjamin; Manning, Mary; Manning, Reuben; Mansell, John; Maroney, John; Means orphans; McCafee, John; McCleskey guardian; McCollum, George; McConnell, John, Jr.; McCutchen, David; McWhorter, Isaac; Moore orphan; Neal, Richard; Paden, Moses; Pugh, Anna ; Ragsdale, Cullen; Ragsdale, Ira; Ragsdale, Richard; Ragsdale orphans ; Rainey orphans; Rainey, John; Rusk, James; Saterfield, Curtis; Scott, Mary; Seago guardianship; Stephens, Daniel; Stewart, James; Stover, John; Terrell, Thomas; Tillman, Martha; Trout, Robert; Watson orphans; Wells, Green.

Traced Genealogies of Cherokee County Families: Brown; Carmichael