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Genealogy Records and Databases

Baldwin County is centrally located and at one time was the capitol of Georgia. The records available to the genealogists are extensive on the Georgia Pioneers website.

Baldwin County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Names of Families in Baldwin County Wills, Estates, Inventories, Guardianships, Vouchers

Images of Wills and Estates

  • Will Book A 1806-1829 (abstracts)
  • Wills 1829-1854 (abstracts)


  • Marriage Book A 1806-1820
  • Marriages 1806-1851
  • Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886

Indexes to Probate Records

  • Will Book B 1829-1868
  • Will Book C 1868-1936
  • Annual Returns, Book A 1813-1820
  • Annual Returns, Book B 1820-1824
  • Annual Returns, Book C 1824-1831
  • Annual Returns, Book D 1831-1842
  • Annual Returns, Book E 1839-1856
  • Estate Records Book D, 1808-1827
  • Inferior Court Appearance Docket 1806-1837
  • Inferior Court Docket 1832-1873

Images of Probate Records

  • 1819 County Order Book; applicants of Widows of late war, orphans of Britton and Indians, Revolutionary War Officers and soldiers and persons who served in the Seminole War.
  • 1820 Land Lottery (Those who were eligable to draw) (digital images)
  • 1820 Tax Digest
  • 1820 Baldwin County Land Lottery

Memoirs of Georgia

  • Baldwin County Residents (Memoirs of Georgia)

Genealogy Tips about Deeds and Tax Digests

By Jeannette Holland Austin

It is essential for the genealogist to research deed records and tax digests. The reason is that a time period must be established for when the ancestor resided in the county including the date of land acquisition and acreage to compare to the tax digests.

Images of Newspapers

  • The Southern Recorder 1826 to 1829
  • List of Letters published July 13, 1828

Have you Researched the Asylum Records?

Milledgeville State Hospital I think that the general impression of most people is that asylum records are confidential. Although this may still be the case, one can find mention of persons be admitted to the Milledgeville asylum in old newspapers. Also, obituary notices were published in local newspapers. Here is an account in The Baptist Sun, Gainesville, Georgia, published January 31, 1889: "Susanna E. Wards, wife of Rev. W. D. Wade, died in the Asylum at Milledgeville, Jan. the 16th; 1889. She had been confined near two years. She was about 37 years of age; and had been a member of the Baptist church 25 years. Before she became demented. She was an intelligent woman, a loving wife and mother, a kind, affectionate neighbor, and a faithful church member. A husband an three girl-children are left to mourn the sad decease of this good woman. But they should be consoled with the thought that the Lord doeth all things well; and that has only called her from the gloom of the Asylum to the haven of rest."

Where to Find Lunacy and Orphans Records

Five years after Georgia lawmakers authorized an asylum for lunatic, idiots and epileptic Georgians, the facility opened. During those years, Milledgeville was an agricultural town of cotton producing farms and plantations. The first patient was Tillman B. of Bibb County who was incarcerated in December of 1842 but who died the next summer of "maniacal exhaustion." The facility housed 13,000 patients during its peak years until it was the largest insane asylum in the world. The records remain locked; however, newspapers published information about persons being taken off the street and put in Milledgeville, etc. Members can click on "Lunacy" to see gathered information on the Georgia Pioneers website.

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Baldwin County Marriages, Wills, Estates, Newspapers, Land Lotteries

Milledgeville Baldwin County was created in 1803 by Creek Cessions of June 1802. Three years later the land was distributed by the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery. After the second lottery (1807), five new counties were created from parts of Baldwin and Wilkinson Counties, viz: Morgan, Randolph (later Jasper), Jones, Putnam, Telfair. Later, portions of Wilkinson and Hancock Counties were added. The county was named after Abraham Baldwin; Milledgeville was named the first governor of Georgia, John Milledge. Unfortunately, the first court house burned down in 1861.

Traced Genealogies: - Baldwin County Families

Buchanan Buckner Devereaux
Flewellen Hammond Ingram
Moore Redding Robinson
Rockwell Tapley Thomas

James Lester

James Lester Grave James Lester was a Revolutionary War Soldier who served in the Georgia Troops; he was also a Soldier of the War of 1812. He was listed among the early pioneers and settlers to Newberry County, South Carolina (Newberry County South Carolina History and Genealogy by Summer, p. 4).

"Early pioneers and settlers were Scotch-Irish, Irish, German, mingled with English and French in a smasller degree; southwest of the Town of Prosperity were such pioneers as Archibald Boyd from Pennsylvania, James Lester, Samuel McQueens, Nathan Hunter and others." Lester ultimately settled in Baldwin County and was buried in the Lester Family Cemetery 8 miles North of Milledgeville on Hwy 24 in a field on the left side of the road.