Georgia Pioneers





Lachlan McIntosh of Georgia

Lachland McIntoshGeneral Lachlan McIntosh fought honorably for the American cause during the Revolutionary War but received ill-fame for it from his political adversary, Button Gwinnett. We know the story, ultimately the two men fought a dual in the streets of Savannah; Gwinnett was wounded and died several days later. Knowing the historical background of the McIntosh family of Darien helps to explain. The old senior clan leader, John Mohr MacIntosh (Mohr means clan leader), came to Georgia with General Oglethorpe and settled his family in McIntosh County. It was from this vantage that they fought the British cause of 1740 (War of Jenkins' Ear) and defeated the Spanish. It was the Scottish settlers from Darien whose expert ability in using guerrilla tactics which confused the Spanish and caused them to give up St. Augustine. Previous to this, this particular group of Scots resided in Inverness (this is why they first named Darien New Inverness)where the clans had retreated during the Stuart's Rebellion of 1745. They, of course, lost the cause to restore a Stuart to the throne of England (Bonny Prince Charles), but they continued to spring surprise guerrilla attacks upon the British. Disowned, the various clans were ready to remove themselves from further British persecution and Oglethorpe remembered their skills. Surprisingly, on the wrong side of the coin, some of them chose unwisely to support Great Britain during the American Revolution. Of course, many citizens were divided, but the Scots in Georgia suffered reprisals for it. It was Lachlan's Uncle William who caused the family's persecution. William openly supported the British, even using his schooner to run supplies to the British when they were near Charleston and Savannah. The family was so unpopular, that Lachlan, even though he had fought valiantly in several campaigns, removed himself from further criticism by going off to fight in the Northern Campaign. When he returned home, the buzz-word was being gossiped by a jealous politician, Button Gwinnett.

Rev. George Whitefield (1714-1770)

Reverend Whitefield Rev. George Whitefield of England, migrated into Pennsylvania and Georgia. Rev. Whitefield and Rev. John Wesley had something in common. They were both members of the Church of England who objected to the theology that unbaptised infants and children were doomed for hell. The widely accepted philosophy during that era was a belief in pre-destination; only a select group could go to Heaven. The Wesleys came to Georgia first on one of the first voyages of General Oglethorpe, however, Rev. Whitefield first went to Philadephia where he became immensely popular and drew large crowds. He reached Georgia in the 1740's where he met up with James Habersham of Savannah. Habersham, a school teacher, was horrified at the number of orphans living in the streets and had begun to provide housing for them. Whitefield joined forces with him and ultimately built the famous Betheseda Orphange in Savannah. He spent many evangelistic years travelling the Georgia landscape searching for converts to his religion. Over 18,000 sermans were recorded. His popularity extended into Europe, where he collected affluent patronages for his orphanage.

Patton of Ireland

Henry Patton was born ca 1660 in Dundee, Scotland, died ca 1743; was married to Sarah Lynn-Kilmacrenan, a daughter of David Lynn, Laird of Loch Lynn, Scotland. Children: Matthew, Thomas, Henry, David, Benjamin, Hugh, Richard, Robert Patton(born 1685 in Donegal, Ireland), James (born ca 1692 in Derry, Province of Ulster); Elizabeth (born ca 1695 in Derry). Henry Patton was the son of Henry Patton, Sr. of Dundee Ref: Journey to the Cumberlands; http://lady3248.tripod.com/henrypatton1660.htm; FamilySearch.org, Compact Disc #10 Pin #35225.

Lanes of Craven County, North Carolina

Laban LaneWilliam Lane, Revolutionary War Soldier, resided in Craven County, drew a pension for services. It was his pension that revealed he had a son, Laban Lane, long since gone and whose whereabouts were unknown. Laban came to Madison County, Georgia about 1817.Laban Lane removed from Craven County, probably first to Anderson County, South Carolina, then to Madison County, Georgia where he died in 1833.James C. Lane (1818-1896) was born in either Anderson County, South Carolina as his obituary states, or in Danielsville, Georgia. James' father, Laban Lane, had already purchased the homeplace in Madison County before his birth, however. James was married to Nancy Williams (1818-1905) in 1839 in Madison County. Afterwards they rode on horseback to Paulding County and settled on a farm near Dallas, Georgia. James joined the baptist church in 1844 and the Mason's Fraternity in 1866.James C. Lane pictured with his wife,Nancy Carrie Williams Lane.One of his sons, Berry Tilman Lane (1843-1928) removed to Wichita Fallas, Texas where he invested in oil and became wealthy, leaving an extensive estate. Apparently he left no heirs in Texas because when he died, the executors came to Atlanta searching for possible heirs.Horace Lane, a descendant, farmer in Dallas, worked on the Lane genealogy for many years.Ref: Obituary of James C. Lane 7/10/1896, Dallas New Era; 1850-1880 Paulding County Census; Madison County Marriages and Estates; Genealogies of the Lane Families of Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia at www.georgiapioneers.com (See Genealogies).



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American Pioneer Series
By Jeannette Holland Austin

Joiner of Georgia

Alfred JoinerAlfred Jefferson Joiner was born 14 October 1827, died 1904. He was married to Priscilla Frances Collins (born 14 April 1830)on 20 November 1847. Alfred's father, Asa, was a pioneer settler to Omaha, Georgia, in Stewart County, having migrated from Nash County, North Carolina. Asa was active in the affairs of the Summerhill Baptist Church and was elected Marshal of the church Camp Ground in 1843, 1844 and 1845. In 1852, Asa sold his land in Stewart County and followed his eldest son, Alfred, to East Baker County and settled there in the Pine Cliff Communith (southwest of Camilla and six miles from Newton). There they joined the first Grand Jury in Mitchell County (1858) after Mitchell was created from Baker County. They were charter members of the Evergreen Baptist Church when it was organized in 1857.Ref: Georgia Bible Records by Jeannette Holland Austin, (1985), Genealogical Publishing Co., pp. 249; History of Stewart County.

Mark Thornton, Sr.

Mark Thornton Sr. was born ca 1705/1719 in Virginia and resided in Lunenburg County removing to Warren County, North Carolina in 1766. His deed dated 30 Sept 1766, Mark and Elizabeth Thornton, wife, deed to Warren Beauford 230 acres of land. He ultimately removed Elbert County, Georgia where he died in 1809. His second marriage was to Suzannah Dozier in Lunenburg County. Their sons were: Dozier, Mark Jr. and William Thornton.

Anyone tracing this family naturally also traces the Dozier family from France. Ref: Historical Southern Families, Volume XII. (1968) by Mrs.John Bennett Boddie. Pages 1-89; Thornton Family by Rear Admiral W. N. Thornton.

Camps of America

Burrell Marion CampPictured is Burrell Marion Camp. Thomas Camp (1717-1798) is the progenitor of the Camps in America. This prolific family traces its roots from England to Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama. Thomas (above) settled in Rutherford County, North Carolina. He had 12 children by his first wife and 12 by his second wife. No matter where they settled, the Camps were pillars of the community, many of them Baptist and Methodist preachers. Prominent Virginia families associate with the Camps, such as Sherwood, Marshall and Tarpley. A colorful character was Burrell Marion Camp, a Missionary Baptist preacher of 40 years at the High Shoals Missionary Baptist Church in Dallas, Georgia. His church was a one-room building located on High Shoals in Dallas, which also doubled for a school. His members were baptised under a waterfall, just steps away from the old cemetery where he is buried.

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