Georgia Pioneers



The Georgia History Gazette

Historical Sites

Altamaha River
The Altamaha River was in common usuage during the Colonial days. Sloops, flats, pettiway were ued to transport goods throughout the colony. Many references to the names of sloops used by settlers are found in the Colonial Records of Georgia by Candler. McIntosh County specialized in timbers and shipped them throughout the colony. Genealogies of Colonials as well as McIntosh and Glynn County records are found on Georgia Pioneers.

Augustine Creek
Augustine Creek near Savannah.

Sites Augusta - Augusta Canal - Brailsford Plantation - Brunswick - Butler Plantation - Cumberland Island - Darien City Cemetery - Darien - Darien Plot - Darien sawmills - Darien. St. Andrews Church - Davis Smith Plantation - Fort Frederica - Fort King George - Fort Pulaski - Georgia Confederate Generals - Gibbons Plantation - Grant Park - Hofwyl Plantation - Inverness - Laurel Grove - Noble Jones - Oakland Cemetery - Origins - Old Atlanta - Roswell - Sapelo Island - Savannah - Savannah. Tybee Island - St. Simons Island - Tattnall

Annual Returns Tell the Story

Even if a person dies intestate, the heirs can still be found. This is accomplished by examining the annual returns for every year until the estate is closed. The first thing which happens is that an administrator is appointed who makes an inventory of the estate, has a sale to sell off the items and subsequently files a return every year thereafter to the probate county in the county which the person died. This return lists all disbursements ranging from funeral expenses to distributions to the heirs which may occur at any time over the period the estate is active. The heirs then give receipts, called vouchers. Examine the expenditures closely. Try to ascertain the identity of the payees. One easy method is a study o f the census records for that county. Some of the heirs are husbands of daughters, so check out these names in the marriage records.

Dorchester England
Dochester, England

Puritans from Dorchester

About 1755 a congregation of Puritans originally from Dorchester, England who had first migrated to Massachussetts and then South Carolina (and named their towns Dorchester) acquired land grants and came into Georgia. This was after the Charter was surrendered and the colony was under the ownership of King George. They settled at Midway, Georgia where a thriving farm community existed for many years. It is a wonderful historical site to visit, as the cemetery contains the graves of all of these people. Also, The burial records have been copied and are available to members of Georgia Pioneers under "Colonial"

Editor
Jeannette Holland Austin

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Native Americans

Cherokee Indians

What is available for genealogists when searching for Native Americans? From ca 1818, the Crreks in Georgia kept Indian Rolls. This was a record of the tribes after the cession of lands in 1818. The tree were the Old Settler Rolls kept in the 1850s. Creeks began migrating West, ending up in Kansas and Oklahoma. Then the Cherokee Rolls of 1833 represented a record of Cherokees forced out of Georgia. The 1832 Creek Census contained native names. Here is a list of records on Georgia Pioneers.

Charokee Indians
  • Cherokee Roll - 1835 "Henderson Roll"
  • Cherokee Oaths of 1833; Cherokees Who Took The Oath to Remain Georgia
  • 1835 New Echota Residents (Cherokees) Who Requested a Militia Unit to Keep Order Among the Cherokees
  • Baker Rolls 1924
  • Chapman Roll 1851 - Cass County
  • Chapman Roll 1851 - Chatham County Chapman Roll 1851 - Cherokee, Cobb, DeKalb, Forsyth, Gilmer, Gordon, Gwinnett, Lumpkin, Murray, Union and Lumpkin Counties
  • Colonial Indian Traders
  • 1835 Forsyth County Census
Creek Indians
  • Creek Census of 1833 - Lower Creeks and Upper Creeks
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Old Georgia Families



Atlanta Historical Tidbits


Olde Savannah


Lost Generations


Georgia Probate Records

Highlights

You will be entertained by the glorious past of Georgia, dating from colonial days, ante-bellum through the War Between the States into the present. Use these videos in the classroom, historical societies, genealogical societies, libraries, and for history buffs.

Pierce Mease Butler

The Butler Plantation and the Actress, Fanny Kemble

During the 19th century Major Butler was known as one of the richest men in Georgia, owning thousands of acres from Savannah to Brunswick. He utilized the marsh land for rice patties and also grew the Sea Island Cotton on his numerous South Carolina plantations as well as the Butler Plantation in Darien, Georgia. He wed Miss Fannie Kemble, an New England actress who hated plantation life. Her notorious book Fanny Kemble may be read on Genealogy BooksAlthough she despised the Butler plantations, she lived the life of the privileged as a wealthy Southern Belle during the prime era when there was money to be made in rice and cotton crops in the South. During the War Between The States the family left the plantation. Pierce Butler and his daughter, Frances, did not return until 1866. Butler died a year later.

Laurance DeGive

Laurance DeGive was born 1828 in Belguim. He and his wife, Pauline and their oldest daughter, Pauline (born 1864), came to America and settled in Georgia after the War Between the States, about 1866. Their first son, Peter, was born 1867, Henry was born 1869 and Julius was born 1871, all in Atlanta. Laurence first built an opera house on Marietta Street and ultimately amassed a fortune. An article in The Atlanta Journal in 1893 referred to him as a gentleman of strong and commendable parts, and of high intelligence and culture. In 1893, he built a new opera house on Peachtree Street, called DeGive's Grand Opera House and furnished it from the retail business of M. Rich and Bros. (later became Richs Department Store). All of the entrances were heavily draped with gold valour velvet curtains. Royal Wilton carpets trimmed with maroon ground and gold figures were laid in the entraces' the lobby had inlaid marble; and decorate tile graced the spacious vestibule. There were 22 boxes. The first performance given that year was Men and Women. In 1893, Atlanta had 250,000 inhabitants. The opera house was later sold to the Loews Company, who used it for a movie theatre "Loew's Grand Theatre" which became famous for its showing of Gone With The Wind.

Funerals

Elegant Funerals

The funerals during the 17th century had flare! Here are a few things which have been forgotten. People wore a plain funeral ring as well as a pair of white funeral gloves. Such items were mentioned in last wills and testaments and passed down to relatives. The time of mourning was one year, which all family members observed except the widow who might prefer black until she remarried. The remarriage was certain, however. In the colonies, there was a need for women to replace those who died in child birth and of fevers. Also, there were often small children who needed raising, and, believe it or not, it was not unusual for her to "select" the next wife. This explains the frequency of marriages to sisters and cousins of the same families. If a woman lost her husband, she had several suiters at her door the next day to compete against one another. After all, the estate left by her deceased husband consisted of the plantation and other resources valuable to the community. All of the work and expense going into the homeplace was not to be lost! The early settlement of the wilderness country of the colonies was a brave decision. Not only was their disease, but unfriendly natives went out the white European settlements with hatchets. In 1622, for example, in Virginia, Chief Powhatan set out to slaughter every white man. It was a great tragedy which called for widowers to return to old neighborhoods in England to find new wives. This was a solemnly respected occasion during which all of the neighbors generally attended. The old wills are replete with information about the funerals. Subscribe to 8 genealogy websites and discover more information. Subscribe here

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