Thutmose I, the Pharaoh of the Exodus?
By Jeannette Holland Austin
It is always interesting to acquire family stories and details from relatives, however, it is wise to double-check the facts. The reason is that time periods are often confused. Examine the plight of the archaeologist who employ modern methods to determine age. Yet, there are always mistakes. Take the search for physical evidence that Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt during the reign of Ramsees II. Most scholars insisted that this was during the reign of Ramsees II who ruled from 1290 to 1224 B. C. (19th dynasty). Yet there is nothing to prove this theory. There are, however, mass graves indicating that some sort of plague struck the land along the Nile (the seven bad years during the time of Joseph) as well as peasant cities in Goshen which helps to centralize the patrioh Joseph in this time period.
Such evidence (there is more) suggests that Moses did not remove the Jews around 1300 B.C., rather some 200 years earlier and that Thutmose I or Amenhotep II was the pharaoh of the exodus. Thus, placing the exodus 200 years before it occurred would find no physical evidence. We tend to make the same mistakes while remembering family. I use a rule of thumb of 33.3 years per generation and consider the average age to marry (for particular eras), average life span, etc., then assign an "ca" in front of possible dates of births/deaths. It is a rough guide-line but helps to keep me in the same generation. Then, I prepare a family group sheet for each family, while keenly observing duplicate or similar names. The information from relatives is useful in many different ways. I write down their exact words. Then, later on, when I have a fact or two, reconsider the possibilities in that source of information.
Was Thutmose I the Pharaoh of the Exodus?
There were two brothers of Welsh decent who came from Augusta County, Virginia. One, went to Tennessee. However, John Hardman settled in Lexington, Georgia where he took up a land grant for military services. He died there about 1796. His son, John Hardman, was one of the first clerks of the Superior Court and married a daughter of the Atlanta real estate philanthropist, Vines Collier.
After the Revolutionary War as veterans took up land grants in Oglethorpe County, large cotton plantations emerged and helped to build a community.
The Philomath Presbyterian Church was established ca 1829, its name having been suggested by Alexander Stephens who noted that the residents were supportive of the Reid Academy and had a high regard for education. Hence, "Philopmath", meaning "love of knowledge."
Oglethorpe County Wills and Estates
Oglethorpe County was created on December 19, 1793 from Wilkes County and was named for General James Edward Oglethorpe the founder of the Georgia colony in 1733. The Creeks and Cherokees occupied this territory prior to that time. In 1794 a portion of Greene County was added to Oglethorpe, and the Oglethorpe/Greene county border shifted several times in 1799. In 1811, Madison County was created taking land from Oglethorpe. In 1813, Oglethorpe acquired land from Clarke County. Taliaferro County took land from Oglethorpe in 1831, and Oglethorpe received land from Madison County in 1842. The first permanent settlements in what is now Oglethorpe County were along the Broad River and was settled by Virginia planters in the 1780s and along Long Creek near the town of Lexington.
Probate Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
Miscellaneous Wills & Estates
- Index to Oglethorpe County Will Book A Transcribed (1793-1807).
- Oglethorpe County Will Book A Transcribed (1793-1807).
- Oglethorpe County Will Book A Abstracted (1793-1807).
- Oglethorpe County Index to Will Book B Transcribed (1807-1826).
- Oglethorpe County Will Book B Transcribed (1807-1826).
- Index to Oglethorpe County Will Bk C (1826-1834).
- Index to Oglethorpe County Will Bk D (1833-1866).
- Index to Oglethorpe County Will Bk E (1863-1886).
- Index to Oglethorpe county Annual Returns (1798-1814)
- Index to Oglethorpe County Annual Returns (1815-1830)
- Index to Oglethorpe County Annual Returns and Estates (1815-1831)
- Index to Oglethorpe County Annual Returns (1822-1828)
- Index to Oglethorpe County Annual Returns (1828-1837)
- Index to Oglethorpe county Annual Returns (1830-1832)
- Oglethorpe County Marriages from Newspapers (1885-1886)
- Origins of Early Settlers
- David Barnett (1835)
- William Lumpkin (1847)
- Alexander McEwen (1827)
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