History & Genealogy
Subscribe in a reader
Madison County People
By Jeannette Holland Austin
Many families in Madison County came from Pennsylvania to the 96th District of South Carolina. An example in the Revolutionary War application of Robert Carithers who enlisted during the Siege of Ninety Six which last 28 days led by Major General Nathaniel Greene. Carithers participated in several skirmishes with the Tories by whom he was wounded in thigh at the Siege of Ninety-Six. The Revolutionary War applications for Pensions by the soldier as well as his spouse or other family members provides details that might not otherwise be discovered. Since so many of the Scotch-Irish and Germans took the old wagon trail from Pennsylvania into South Carolina, Pennsylvania is a good place to begin the research. However, one must consider the history of that era when people left Europe with large groups of people, like religious congregations, and traveled to America seeking freedom. The 96th district was created in 1769 and included the current counties of Abbeville, McCormick, Edgefield, Saluda, Greenwood, Laurens, Union, and Spartanburg counties; much of Cherokee and Newberry counties; and small parts of Aiken and Greenville Counties. Carithers must have resided in Abbeville County because that is where he married. Irrespective of the circumstances, one must research the following counties in Pennsylvania: Burke, Burks and Lancaster as well as the South Carolina counties.
The War of 1812 in Georgia
This war was primarily protecting Georgia ports and the frontier against Indians who sided with the British. The Seminole Indians located in East Florida were urged by the Spanish and the British to attack Georgians. Many volunteers came forward. In 1812, William Golden enlisted in Lincoln County and served under Captain Read and Colonel Blackshear from 1812 to 1815. They defended the southern and western borders of Georgia against hostile Indians, constructing a number of roads and a ferry to expedite troops. As the Creek Indians entered the fight along the southern frontier, Governor Mitchell ordered ten forts in Twiggs, Telfair and Pulaski Counties to be constructed as a defense. Then, during November of 1813, 700 Creeks massacred 300 men, women and children at Ft. Mims in Alabama. The troops of Georgia and Tennessee were ordered out and General John Floyd was sent to drive the Creeks from their towns and burned their homes. Another assault by General Floyd occurred the following year against the Upper Creeks who had gathered in great numbers at Hotle Craulee. A victorious battle at Challibbee was fought which ended the Indian hostilities.
Madison County Wills and Estates
Many of the settlers to Madison County went westward into Paulding County, Georgia. Madison County was originally inhabited by the Creek and Cherokee Indians. but by the year of 1773 most of this land was ceded by the Cherokees to the Colonial Governor of Georgia, thus opening the area to frontier settlement. The earliest permanent settlement was in the Paoli area, settled mainly by pioneers from Virginia, Pennsylvania and the Carolinas.
Early Settlers: William Anderson, William David, Thomas House, John Palmer, William Simmons, Jacob Strickland, Pleasant Bone, Ezekiel Williams, Tolbert Strickland, William Evans, Jacob Moon and William Adair who removed to Paulding County.
Madison County Probate Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
- Index to Madison County Marriages 1812 to 1889
- Madison County Marriages from Newspapers (1885-1886).
Indexes to Probate Records
- Wills 1812-1841 (abstracts).
- Digital Images of Wills 1842 to 1855Testators: Allen, Gray;Black, Thomas;Bolton, Leonard;Bridges, Ben;Carithers, Mary;Carithers, William;Collum, Samuel;David, Berry;Dawes, William;Embry, John;Everhart, George;Graves, Samuel;Griffith, James;Hart, Archibald;Human, Susanna;Johnson, Jane;Long, James;Jordan, Thomas;Long, James;McLeroy, James; Meaders, Berry; Moon, Archilaus;Moon, Archilaus (2); Moon, Pleasant;Moon, William F.;Nash, William;Sanders, James; Scarborough;Spratlin, Francina;Strickland, Solomon;Strickland, Tolbert;Tait, Robert;Thompson, James;Thompson, William; Towns, James;Vaughan, William;Ware, Elisha;Whitehead, Henry; Williams, Birdy;Williams, John Sr.
Miscellaneous Wills and Estates
- Annual Returns, Book A, 1816-1826.
- Annual Returns, Book B, 1826-1830.
- Annual Returns, Book C, 1830-1834.
- Annual Returns, Book D, 1834-1837.
- Annual Returns, Book E, 1837-1841.
- Inventories, Appraisements, Bills of Sale, Book B, 1813-1829.
- Inventories, Appraisements, Bills of Sale, Book D, 1841-1857.
- Administrators and Guardians 1818-1888
- Administrators and Guardians 1818-1888
- Evans, Thomas, Estate (1841).
- Ware, Edward, LWT, 1838 (image).
- Williams, Elijah, LWT, transcription (1879.
- Plats 1813 to 1832 (images)