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183 Years Later, the Cherokees Return to the Silver Mines in North Georgia

wagon trainDuring the infamous Trail of Tears which left North Carolina, Tennessee and North Georgia during the 1830s the Cherokees planned ahead by disguising and hiding their silver mines. The Cherokee Trail of Tears result from the enforcement of the Treaty of New Echota according to the provisions of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 which exchanged Native American Land in the East for land West of the Mississippi River. This agreement was never accepted by the tribal leadership nor the majority of the Cherokee people. Although the removal began in 1833, it was not handily enforced by the U. S. Government until 1838 when about 2,000 Cherokees were re-located in the Indian Territory known today as Oklahoma. Upon examining the Dawes Rolls applications (1903) wherein descendants applied for (free) land in Oklahoma, it is quite obvious that not all of the Cherokees left Georgia because there were still Cherokee families residing in North Georgia having as much as 1/32nd Indian Blood, some of whom remembered the names of relatives listed on Indian Rolls. It was not until the final trek of 1838 that an estimated 4,000 Cherokees died en route. About 1914 a wagon train of Indians suddenly appeared on the horizon of several North Georgia Counties carrying tools and maps! These were the children and grandchildren of those who were driven West. The families went about collecting silver and other valuables from hidden mines. The mines were scattered throughout Forsyth, Paulding, Lumpkin and White Counties. Before the wagon train, some of the silver had already been discovered buried inside black pots along creek beds and ditches.


Map of Forsyth County Map


Poole's Hall

Suwanee, Georgia

Forsyth County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Marriages


Vanns Tavern Forsyth County was formed in 1832 and given away in the 1832 Cherokee Land Lottery. It was formerly occupied by Cherokee Indians, most of whom were removed west as a result of the Act of 1832. Before leaving, the silver and gold mines were hidden, but marked on maps. During the early 1920's a caravan of wagons of Cherokees from Oklahoma were seen loading their minerals into wagons. Gold deposits were found in the county during the Georgia gold rush. A visit to this county discovered that the surving will book beginning in 1856 was virtually not readable. Many pages were blank due to the fact that the ink had faded. I filmed the blank pages, then used the photo enhancer to bring them up. Although most of the pages are readable, one must examine each word separately. Otherwise, no one would know whose wills are in this book. The early settling families were: Braselton, Bruton, Porter, Julian, Jackson, Hutchins, Merritt, Mills, Harding, Sanford, Cochran, Wills, Strickland, McGinnis,Westbrook, Creamer, Whitmire, Owens, Kellogg, Wofford, Ezzard, Bell, Garrett, Williams, Gilstrap, Patterson Sewell, Pilgrim, Lindsey, Mangum, Hansard,Vaughn and others.

Documents Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Marriages
  • Index to Marriages 1833-1848
  • Marriages from newspapers 1885-1886
Images of Will Book 1856-1892
Testators: * Allen, Beverly * Baily, John * Barnett, Casander * Bell,George W. * Billis, Phillip * Blake, John M. * Braselton, Mary * Brown, Robert * Burrass, Phillip * Burton, Young J. * Camp, John * Cawly, Frances M. * Chastain, James W. * Cochran, Nevel * Cox, Phillip * Creamer, Matthew * Dollar, James * Echols, Charles B. * Edwards, Andrew * Ezzard, John T. * Garrett, Daniel * Garrett, Jacob * Hendrix, William * Holbrook, Hannah * Hope, Ellison * Hutchens, Alman G. * Jackson, Charles * Jackson, James * Julian, George H. * Kellogg, George * Lummus, Andrew J. * Martin, Peter H. * Mayfield, Balus * McAfee, Alexander * McCormick, Hector D. * McGinnis, Sarah * Merritt, William G. * Mills, William E. * Monroe, Dugald * Monroe, Jesse * Morehead, Majer * Morgan, C. C. * Orr, Samuel * Owen, Sumpter * Owens, Wiley * Page, William * Pool, Young P. * Rump, John * Sample, Jesse * Sanford, George * Sewell, Joshua C. * Sims, Thomas * Strickland, John * Townly, John R. * Wallis, William * Westbrook, Samuel * Whitman, Christopher * Whitmire, Christopher * Williams, William * Wills, James H. * Wofford, John * Woodliff, Josiah * Yott, John * Youngblood, James W.

Indexes to Probate Records
  • Annual Returns, Vouchers, Sales, 1827-47
  • Will Book C 1892-1936
  • Annual Returns, Appraisements, Inventories, Vouchers 1877-1883
  • Miscellaneous Estates 1848-1852
  • Miscellaneous Estates 1854-1855
  • Estates 1833-1844
  • Estates 1844-1848
  • Estates 1855-1856
  • Estates 1857-1858
  • Estates 1861-1866
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Georgia Wills


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