Effingham was created on February 5, 1777 from the colonial parishes of St. Matthew and St. Phillip. The county was named after Lord Effingtham, an English champion of colonial rights. Its first settlers were from Austria who had suffered religious persecution under the Catholic Church and was given two weeks to remove themselves from the country. They spent two or three years trying to obtain passage from England to America and succeeded when General Oglethorpe heard of their plight and had them brought to the colony of Georgia. Many of the original records at the Effingham County Court House remain intact. When tracing families in this county please refer to the Colonial Records of Georgia by Candler as well as the Saltzburgher books found in most regional libraties.
Effingham Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
Effingham County Wills
Effingham County Probate Records
- Effingham County Wills 1826-1845 (abstracts)
- Index to Effingham County Wills, Vol. 3, 1829-1858.
- Index to Effingham County Wills, Vol. 4, 1866-1898.
- Index to Effingham County Inventories and Appraisements, Vol. 3, 1827-1865.
- Effingham County Marriages 1757-1845.
- Saltzburgher Marriages 1754-1769, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Marriages 1769-1778, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1756-1761, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1761-1766, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1766-1770, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1768-1787, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1773-1777, New Jerusalem Church (Images in the original handwriting).
- Ebenezer Town Map.
- Auspurg Emigrants.
- Kaufbeuern Emigrants.
- Kemten Emigrants.
- Leutkirch Emigrants.
- Liebrach Emigrants.
- Lindau Emigrants.
- Lindaus Emigrants.
- Memmingen Emigrants.
- Nordlinger Emigrants.
- Constitution and By-Laws of The Georgia Saltzburger Society 1734-1925.
- Exley, James J., deceased, Partition of Lands (1899).
The first settlement after Savannah was Ebenezer, a village founded by Saltzburgers who came to America to escape persecution by the Catholic Church. Mr. Van Zant from Switzerland was the founder of the first site of the village which proved to be unsuitable; the site later removed further north. Effingham County was created in 1777 from the parishes of St. Matthew and St. Philip which were established in 1758. Effingham County was named after Lord Effingham who resigned his position of Colonel. in the British Army to serve in America. Earliest Settlers: David Ambrose, Henry Cook, Samuel Dasher, William Downs, Emanuel Dugger, John W. Exley, Micajah Futrell,John K. Heidt, Joshua Glover, Jesse Hurst, John Ihly, Christopher Bailey, Thomas Blitch, and others.
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