Dawson County was created in 1857 from Lumpkin County. Later a portion was taken from Gilmer County. County seat is Dawsonville. (In 1850, Calhoun was called Dawsonville before it was renamed.) The County was named for Judge William C. Dawson. Researchers should also search Lumpkin County.
Dawson County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
- Index to Dawson County Marriages 1858 to 1883
Indexes to Dawson County Probate Records
- Dawson County Wills 1857-1862 (abstracts).
- Index to Dawson County Annual Returns, Books D & E, 1835-1854.
- Index to Dawson County Wills, Guardians, Administrators, Bonds, Book B, 1857-1896.
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- Minutes of New Hope Baptist Church 1843 to 1860
The Battle of Leather's Ford
By Jeannette Holland Austin
There was a number of gold mining camps in North Georgia which attracted miners, and trouble. In 1830 (before Dawson was a county) the Georgia Legislature passed a Law which sent the local Militia to guard Georgia gold mines. The guards arrested eleven men caught intruding in the mining camp along the Chestatee River. The Chestatee River originates in Lumpkin County at the confluence of Dicks Creek and Frogtown Creek near the junction of US Highways 19 and 129. However, north of Dahlonega the river level drops rapidly creating shoals and small falls. The Chestatee was a popular river for panning gold, especially in the northern portion of the county the river water has cool temperatures. The name Chestatee is derived from a Cherokee Indian word meaning "fire light place" referring to the "fire-hunting" method of hunting deer at night. Further down the river, however, the guards were ambushed by about sixty locals, using all manner of weapons (except no guns). The guards charged the dissidents and succeeded in dispersing them.
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