The Creek Agency Reserve
Benjamin Hawkins came into this area in 1803 and developed a compound on the Flint River.
The compound included a shop and plantation, which became known as the Creek Agency Reserve. The site was located near Macon and doubtless served as one of the forts along the frontier during the Creek War of 1812 to 1813. Although Hawkins was well liked by the local Creeks, he believed that he could persuade the natives to embrace an European-American way of life. He settled disputes and resolved many issues concerning white settlements in Creek territory. When he died at the Reserve in 1816. he was replaced by David B. Mitchell.
Three Gordon Brothers
Three Gordon brothers settled in Crawford County and purchased large tracts of land adjoining one another. James Gordon built a brick home above a spring which was later owned by his grandson. Thomas Gordon located across the creek just above the spring where the Indians had a council cabin (a double log house) on the present Lafayette Pike. This must be Beaverdam Creek near the site of the old Creek Agency. It is also the site where the young men of the section came together during the Civil War and organized a company of 110 men with Clark Gordon as captain. At the close of the war Clark Gordon was promoted to the rank of Colonel. The brothers had a worthy father, Thomas Gordon, who served during the Revolutionary War as a private in the 6th Virginia Regiment.
Genealogists Search Many States
All of a person's ancestors did not reside in one State. After coming to this country, they moved around with great regularity.
That is because land was so important to survival. The habit of allowing fields to remain fallow for two years or more was helpful, but not enough. A good rich, loamy soil was required to sustain generations of families. In Virginia, it was tobacco which quickly depleted the soil, and soon as ther American Revolution, families were on the move. Genealogists, look to the land grants of these soldiers (for service) and subsent land lotteries in Georgia. Many families drew and won land in the lotteries, according to the number of persons in the family. That is why it is important to examine Tax Digests, which list the number of acres and the county. We trace the movement of our ancestors through deed records, tax digests, land grants and lotteries. As families moved along, it becomes necessary to examine the county records everywhere that they resided. This is where marriage records were recorded, deeds given, and estates probated. Also, a close examination of local cemeteries and churches is indicated. Why? Because burial records and church registers also tell the story. Georgia Pioneers has a vast collection of county records and includes the states of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. It is easy to search from one state to the next using the same portal.
How to Turn Marginal Genealogy into Real Genealogy
As we continue our research, we find ourselves jotting down tidbits of information, thinking that it might be useful later. And it is, as more data reaches our computer. But what kind tidbits are most important? Witnesses to deeds and adjoining properties; every name in the old part of the cemetery, especially those adjoining your family plots. Names in the same district as your ancestor written down according to the order of the entries, along with such details as acreage, adjoining neighbors and waters. Purchasers of estate sales as some of these people married the daughters (examine these names in the county marriage records). Remarkably, all of these people were the old neighborhood! You will be amazed at how this information provides a better understand of the life and times of your ancestors, plus makes all the puzzle parts fit.
Crawford County Families
Crawford County Wills and Estates
Crawford County was formed in 1822 from Houston County and and out of the Creek Indian lands. Later part of Macon and Talbot counties were added. Crawford County was named for William H. Crawford, who was the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury when the county was created. Knoxville, Georgia is no longer a municipality, however there are several buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Old Crawford County Courthouse established in 1831 and the old Crawford County Jail established in 1882.
Crawford County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
Indexes to Probate Records
Images of Crawford County Wills (1835 to 1852)
- Will Book A (1835 to 1857)
- Will Book B (1852 to 1894)
- Bonds, Book 2 (1874 to 1898)
- Inventories and Appraisements (1836 to 1837)
Testators: Ammons, Stephen ; Ansley, Marlin ; Armstrong, William ; Barnes, Littleton ; Beasley, David ; Bradford, Nathaniel ; Bray, John ; Brown, David Causey, Lemon M. LWT (1859); Causey, Lemon M. LWT (1849); ; Cleveland, William ; Collier, Benjamin ; Commander, Samuel ; Culpepper, Daniel ; Davis, John ; Dennis, Isaac, Sr. ; Dennis, Samuel ; Drew, Jesse ; Fudge, Elizabeth ; Fudge, Jacob ; Futrill, Abraham ; Griffin, Daniel ; Griffin, Rebecca ; Hail, James ; Hall, Robert ; Hammock, Mary ; Hannon, Henry ; Harris, James ; Hicks, Robert ; Hobs, Daniel ; Holloman, Zachariah ; Hunter, Nathaniel ; Janus, John ; Johnson, William ; Jordan, John ; King, John ; May, James ; Mobly, Lewis ; Moran, Jesse ; Morris, Benjamin ; Patterson, William ; Preston, David ; Reese, Reuben ; Rowel, William ; Rushing, Peter ; Sawyer, Lewis ; Simmons, Catharine ; Smith, Anthony ; Stone, Erastus ; Terrell, David ; Walker, Margaret ; Watkins, Wright ; White, Sharrard ; Williams, John ; Wright, James Wright, Robert
Images of Crawford County Inventories, Vouchers, Guardianships, Estates 1833 to 1834
Bateman, Bryan | Blake, Nancy | Bulloch, Richard | Cook, John | Estes, Allen | Garrison, David | Glover, John | Hammack, William | Hicks, Amos | Hicks, Daniel | Hill, Robert | Jones, Cornelius | Lessel, John | Marshall, Chesley | Mills, Jesse | Mobley, Sampson | Northern, William | Powell, Richmond | Prosser, Jesse | Richardson, John | Rick, John | Smith orphans | Sullivan, Hosea | Tarver, Henry | Underwood, William | Williams, James
Memoirs of Georgia (pubished 1895
- Causey, Lemon M. LWT (1859)
- Causey, Lemon M. LWT (1849)
- Wadsworth, Melcher (deed)
- Settlers in Crawford County (1895)
See how easy it is to view Wills, Estates, Inventories, Returns, Sales online